Europejski Dzień Języków Obcych

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Ćwicz swój angielski, czytając poniższy artykuł i dowiedz się z niego, jak uczyć się efektywnie języków obcych. Miłej lektury!

How to learn foreign language effectively ?

Have you ever thought about your methods of foreign language learning ? How do you memorize vocabulary ? How do you study and practise grammar ? What seems to be the most problematic for you ? No matter if you are studying English, German or Italian, my tips will help you improve your foreign language skills.
Firstly, take a sheet of paper and ask yourself: Why do I learn English, German or French ? What will I gain, and will my goal be achieved ? If you are motivated internally, your foreign language learning will bring the desired effects. Even if your main goal is to prepare for an exam, remember that our learning is for life. Even if you take a written exam, do not neglect communication. You have to take an integrated approach, which will enable you not only to get language certificate, but also run the errands in Great Britain or order lunch in a French restaurant.
Secondly, to make learning fun and effective, it is important to discover your learning style. You can find numerous tests that diagnose if you are a visual or auditory learner. I belong to the group of visual learners. To understand some intricacies of perfect tenses in English, it was beneficial to me to draw timelines to visualize past events and the event preceding them. If you are a visual learner like me, your brain will work better when it is bombarded with any sort of illustration or graphic forms. Use mind-maps and diagrams to learn new vocabulary, highlight important passages in a text, place new elements above your sight level, write different parts of speech in different colours and read a visual dictionary. If your learning nature is auditory, using a lot of audio materials such as CDs with recorded words and dialogues will probably help you more. Auditory learners should listen to audiobooks focusing on new vocabulary and repeat words aloud, tell different stories in a foreign language and have discussions. It is helpful for them to sing songs and read poems, too. If you have to move your body or do something with your legs and hands during revising, kinaesthetic foreign language learning methods will be suitable for you. Find the most comfortable way you learn English or French, even it means dancing. I suggest such solutions as bouncing a ball off the wall with every expression repeated, playing interactive language games on web platforms or repeating lexical items while walking. Kinaesthetic learners should use objects from everyday life while learning, play rules and take part in drama exercises.
The most neglected and equally important area of foreign language learning is pronunciation. Every learner should pay attention to how vowels and consonants are pronounced, especially those that differ from a mother tongue. Advice on this is self-study of pronunciation charts and rules.
Thirdly, you should realize, how much time do you spend on learning a foreign language. Ask yourself:
How many lessons have I got at school a week ?
How much time do I learn English every day / a week ?
Do I learn more at school or at home ?
Fourthly, there are many foreign learning aids such as text books, exercise books, language courses, CDs, DVDs and computer programmes. I might add to this collection even new solutions: learning platforms, interactive flashcards, speaking avatars or various internet tools. They all cannot help but without your commitment. It’s very easy: If you want to learn a lot, you have to want it and you don’t need many enhancements.
Fifthly, interaction. Foreign language experts point out numerous factors of effective foreign language learning, among others: teaching methods, classroom equipment or number of students in a group. but educational research shows that the interactions: teacher - student and student-student play a decisive role. So engage in a group work and always search for opportunities to talk in a foreign language because it can bring great results.
Sixthly, surround yourself with a foreign language as often as possible. You need to watch your favourite movies and TV series in the original language or with subtitles, listen to English/ German/ French radio broadcasts, use mobile phone applications with vocabulary from your course book, read foreign language websites, write foreign words and hang them above your desk.
And the last, you can create your own learning decalogue:
• Follow discussed rules.
• Use various forms of language acquisition.
• Get pleasure from learning a foreign language.
• Combine language learning with your interests.
• Remember why you learn English/ German/ French.
• Don’t give up despite failures.
Your hardships will be rewarded when you master a foreign language.

Patryk Krzemiński
wicedyrektor KPCEN we Włocławku